Strategic Issues

  •  Enhancing Professional Military Education in the Horn of Africa

    Enhancing Professional Military Education in the Horn of Africa

    Enhancing Professional Military Education in the Horn of Africa Prof Bernard F Griffard, Prof John F Troxell Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Strategic planning is a way of thinking. It is a process of defining a national strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating resources (capital and people) to pursue this strategy. In today’s challenging economic environment, employing the strategic planning process is critical for a nation to fully evaluate the impacts of its identified strategic ends, ways and means."
    • Published On: 8/13/2009
  •  Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 3 (Summer 2009)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 3 (Summer 2009)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 3 (Summer 2009) Professor James Kievit, Mr. John Auger, Dennis M. Murphy, Professor Bernard F. Griffard, Major (P) John A. Mowchan, Mr. William O. Waddell, Mr. Kevin J. Cogan. Collins Center Update by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership
    • Published On: 7/20/2009
  •  USSOUTHCOM Interagency Meeting on Food Security

    USSOUTHCOM Interagency Meeting on Food Security

    USSOUTHCOM Interagency Meeting on Food Security Mr Brent C Bankus, Ms Marcela Ramirez Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "The 1994 United Nations Development Program’s “Human Development Report” surfaced the concept of human security, which suggests that global and regional stability increasingly turns on the welfare of the individual. Regional security is best achieved by providing “freedom from want and freedom from fear” for the people, for which food security is an essential component."
    • Published On: 7/15/2009
  •  Strategic Vision Workshop: Land Power in the 21st Century

    Strategic Vision Workshop: Land Power in the 21st Century

    Strategic Vision Workshop: Land Power in the 21st Century LTC Artur M Loureiro Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership, with Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA), National Security Faculty and Researchers at Texas A&M University, Bush School of Government, Scowcroft Institute "This iteration of the Strategic Vision Workshop was a continuation of previous workshops conducted in the greater Boston area that involved the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and the Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The results of these previous workshops were reported in a May 2008 CSL Issue Paper, Volume 5-08. This issue paper provided an overview of the discussions that took place in each of the academic institutions listed previously. The chief architect of the “Strategic Choices” Brief was Major General David Fastabend, now recently retired, who at the time was the G-3/5/7"
    • Published On: 7/15/2009
  •  The Militarization of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

    The Militarization of the Collective Security Treaty Organization

    The Militarization of the Collective Security Treaty Organization COL John A Mowchan Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Russia has reenergized its efforts to evolve the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) from a largely symbolic political organization to a more cohesive militarized security alliance. At the forefront of these efforts is a Russian-led plan to create a new CSTO Rapid Reaction Force (RRF) and a larger Central Asian Military Group. While both initiatives are still in the initial phase of development, the militarization of the CSTO alliance and its transformation into a credible security organization could bolster the Kremlin’s ability to limit U.S. and Western influence in Eurasia. It could also allow Russia an enhanced ability to increase its control over former Soviet-controlled states and re-create an alliance similar to the Warsaw Pact."
    • Published On: 7/15/2009
  •  United States and Mongolia Conduct Exercise Gobi Wolf

    United States and Mongolia Conduct Exercise Gobi Wolf

    United States and Mongolia Conduct Exercise Gobi Wolf Arthur L Bradshaw Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Cooperation between the United States and Mongolia has developed dynamically since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1987. Today Mongolia and the United States share a growing and strong cooperative partnership based on shared values, a commitment to democracy and free-market economy, and the global war against terrorism. To that end the two nations are partnering in several areas to expand expertise and training to Mongolia as it reconfigures its government from a Soviet-style bureaucracy to a more western, interagency-based structure."
    • Published On: 7/15/2009
  •  The New Chemistry of C2

    The New Chemistry of C2

    The New Chemistry of C2 Mr Kevin J Cogan, Mister William O Waddell Study by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "A necessary change in the military transition to the next generation of warfare is the maturing of “command and control” processes and semantics for leading and configuring the organization to meet emerging threats. In the book Understanding Command and Control, Drs. Alberts and Hayes state that the purpose of C2 “has remained unchanged since the earliest military forces engaged.” In a journal article, Dr. Alberts writes that agility, focus, and convergence might be the semantics that replace the linguistics of the term Command and Control. He suggests that Command and Control are terms that no longer fit the transformation in warfare paradigm for the 21st century. He calls for new approaches to thinking about C2 by removing the “restrictive legacy of language and connotation” and by so doing he proposes replacing C2 with the terms Focus & Convergence, where “agility is the critical capability that organizations need to meet the challenges of complexity and uncertainty.” This is particularly true when it is likely that future conflicts will necessitate coalitions which do not necessarily conform to a common semantic meaning of C2 terminology. "
    • Published On: 7/10/2009
  •  China's Pursuit of Africa's Natural Resources

    China's Pursuit of Africa's Natural Resources

    China's Pursuit of Africa's Natural Resources Dr Kent H Butts Collins Center Study by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Africa is a vast continent with diverse geographic patterns and a relatively limited population. The resource base of Africa is enormous, with powerful rivers, world leading concentrations of strategic minerals, and important petroleum and uranium deposits. Nevertheless, it is comprised mainly of developing states, with limited capacity and infrastructure. Western development strategies have failed miserably in Africa, falling victim to Cold War politics, cultural differences and Africa’s colonial heritage. Long a friend of Africa in its self-declared role as leader of the developing world, China is in the midst of a resurgent African initiative based on a “politics free” development model aimed at securing access to Africa’s resource supplies. This chapter examines China’s African strategy, offers an assessment of its implications for United States (U.S.) national security, and suggests a proactive, interest based approach for dealing with this phenomenon."
    • Published On: 6/15/2009
  •  Information Operations means different things to different people.

    Information Operations means different things to different people.

    Information Operations means different things to different people. Dennis M Murphy Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Back in 2006 Army Colonel Rob Baker published an article in Military Review entitled “The Decisive Weapon: A Brigade Combat Team Commander’s Perspective on Information Operations.” Any information practitioner who reads this excellent piece will immediately latch on to the fact that Baker’s brigade was not really conducting information operations (IO), but in fact was using strategic communication as its primary enabler. But wait…can you conduct strategic communication at the tactical level? And if, from the lofty ivory tower of academia or the hallowed halls of service doctrine organizations you told Baker that he was not conducting IO would he really care about your nuanced interpretation? In other words, does it really matter?"
    • Published On: 5/1/2009
  •  Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring '09)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring '09)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 2 (Spring '09) Ritchie Dion, Professor Bert B. Tussing, Professor Dennis Murphy, LTC Janice E. King Collins Center Update by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership
    • Published On: 4/30/2009
  •  Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 1 (Winter 2009)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 1 (Winter 2009)

    Collins Center Update, Volume 11, Issue 1 (Winter 2009) Mr. Ritchie Dion, Mr. Harry Phillips, LTC Jim Harvey, Professor Bernard F. Griffard, Professor Dennis M. Murphy Collins Center Update by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership
    • Published On: 2/16/2009
  •  Strategic Planning in the Albanian Armed Forces

    Strategic Planning in the Albanian Armed Forces

    Strategic Planning in the Albanian Armed Forces COL Daniel G Grey, Prof Bernard F Griffard, Dr R Craig Nation Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "On July 9 2008 the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies signed Accession Protocols with Albania and Croatia. This action opened the way for the full NATO membership of these two countries, and marked a major milestone in the continuing post-Cold War realignment of Europe. The event was especially significant for Albania, a country essentially isolated from its neighbors and the rest of Europe from 1948 to 1991. While there is still work to be done, most indications are that Albania will formally join the 26 nation pact in April 2009, coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the founding of NATO."
    • Published On: 2/15/2009
  •  Operational Security in an Age of Radical Transparency

    Operational Security in an Age of Radical Transparency

    Operational Security in an Age of Radical Transparency Dennis M Murphy Issue Paper by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "We often hearken back to the Cold War as a simpler time…not because of the danger it portended, but because of the nature of the threat. That bipolar world defined a clear enemy with an order of battle that could be templated and processes and methodologies that could be studied. It was a two dimensional world of good and bad. Operations security (OPSEC), defined as “select(ing) and execut(ing) measures that eliminate or reduce to an acceptable level the vulnerabilities of friendly actions to adversary exploitation,” was equally cut and dry. U.S. commanders in Europe were principally concerned with the Soviet-bloc spy taking pictures of the caserne motor pool. Troops were briefed prior to training exercises and deployments not to discuss dates, times or specifics of the operation under threat of military justice penalties. And that was that. Risk reduced…OPSEC considered and maintained. But, oh how the world has changed..."
    • Published On: 1/24/2009
  •  Understanding Africa: A Geographic Approach

    Understanding Africa: A Geographic Approach

    Understanding Africa: A Geographic Approach COL Laurel J Hummel, Amy Richmond Krakowka Study by the US Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership "Immediately following the 2008 U.S. presidential election, which occurred around the time this book was being compiled, a fracas occurred within the media surrounding some post-election campaign gossip that the Republican party’s vice-presidential candidate had revealed during debate and briefing preparations that she did not understand that Africa was a continent, and instead believed it to be a single state. Whether that rumor was true or false is quite beside the point: the larger issue, arguably, is that many people found it even at least somewhat plausible that a person with a high school diploma—let alone a college degree—granted in the U.S. might not know that Africa is a continent."
    • Published On: 1/1/2009
  •  After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy

    After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy

    After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy Dr Colin S Gray Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "What should be the U.S. national security strategy after Iraq? An answer cannot be given unless a logically and politically prior question is posed: “What should be the purpose and character of a sustainable U.S. national security policy after Iraq?” Thus to answer the first question, one has to identify both the policy that strategy must serve as well as the components of that strategy."
    • Published On: 1/1/2009
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