Recent Publications from the USAWC

A Hard Look at Hard Power: Assessing the Defense Capabilities of Key US Allies and Security Partners—Second Edition
A Hard Look at Hard Power: Assessing the Defense Capabilities of Key US Allies and Security Partners—Second Edition
Authored by: Mr Gary J Schmitt.
October 30, 2020

With the United States facing two major revisionist powers, Russia and China, as well as additional security threats from North Korea, Iran, and jihadist terrorism, a critical advantage for the United States is its global network of alliances and strategic partners. As the 2018 National Defense Strategy states, “Alliances and partnerships are crucial to our strateg...

Security Threats, American Pressure, and the Role of Key Personnel: How NATO’s Defence Planning Process is Alleviating the Burden-Sharing Dilemma
Security Threats, American Pressure, and the Role of Key Personnel: How NATO’s Defence Planning Process is Alleviating the Burden-Sharing Dilemma
Authored by: Dr John R Deni.
October 09, 2020

In 2017, for the first time since the end of the Cold War, none of the capability targets identified in NATO’s quadrennial NATO Defence Planning Process (NDPP) were left on the negotiating table. Previously, capability targets were identified by the alliance’s secretariat, but they remained unfilled as allies failed to assume responsibility for them. This monograph e...

Rise and Fall? The Rise and Fall of ISIS in Libya
Rise and Fall? The Rise and Fall of ISIS in Libya
Authored by: Dr Azeem Ibrahim.
August 07, 2020

This monograph places events in Libya since 2011 into their historical and social context and argues a form of radical Islamism, linked to long-standing national defiance of outside control, remains a factor even after the defeat of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). This entrenched radicalism means extremist Islamist groups may still make a renewed bid for p...

An Army Transformed: USINDOPACOM Hypercompetition and US Army Theater Design
An Army Transformed: USINDOPACOM Hypercompetition and US Army Theater Design
Authored by: Prof William G Braun III, Mister Nathan P Freier, Mr John Schaus.
July 17, 2020

The United States faces a hypercompetitive geopolitical landscape in the Indo-Pacific region, arguably the most consequential theater for US national interests over the coming decades. Although the United States has created exquisite military capabilities to counter insurgencies and fight terrorists, rivals like China have developed a whole-of-government toolkit focus...

A Policy Response to Islamic State Extremist Fighter Battlefield Migration
A Policy Response to Islamic State Extremist Fighter Battlefield Migration
Authored by: Dr Robert J Bunker.
August 31, 2020

This monograph analyzes and provides policy response options for US national security and Army planners concerning the potential for postterritorial caliphate battlefield migration by the sizable contingent of battle-hardened Islamic State foreign fighters situated within various remaining enclaves that remain in Syria and Iraq.

Carlisle Compendia Allied Space Training Edition
Carlisle Compendia Allied Space Training Edition
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
May 15, 2020

Carlisle Compendia of Collaborative Research is produced under the purview of the Applied Communication and Learning Lab and the United States Army War College. Each issue reports the findings of a major collaborative student or student-faculty research initiative on a topic of strategic importance to the Army, the Department of Defense, and/or the larger community of...

Parameters VOL. 50 NO. 2 Summer 2020
Parameters VOL. 50 NO. 2 Summer 2020
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
May 15, 2020

Special Commentary: "The Compound Security Dilemma" by Isaiah Wilson III and Scott A. Smitson. "Geostrategic Net Estimate" by John R. Deni, Nathan P. Freier, and John H. Schaus. "Geostrategic Forecasting" by Carol V. Evans, Marybeth P. Ulrich, and G. K. Cunningham. "Leadership and Innovation" by Steven Metz, C. Anthony Pfaff, and Michael E. Lynch. "Applied St...

Commentary on “The US Army in Multi-Domain Operations 2028”
Commentary on “The US Army in Multi-Domain Operations 2028”
Authored by: BG Huba Wass de Czege.
April 03, 2020


Countering the aggression of Russian or Chinese “hegemonic” behavior will require a rapid, ready, and appropriate reaction along anticipated lines of operations to deter rather than accelerate crisis escalation, and to defend the status quo when challenged. Do the central ideas in the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Pamphlet 525-3-1, The ...

Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions
Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions
Edited by: Dr Terry Babcock-Lumish, COL Tania Chacho, MAJ Tom Fox, MAJ Zachary Griffiths.
March 04, 2020


Senior Conference 55—The Emerging Environment in the Indo-Pacific Region: Drivers, Directions, and Decisions, explores the possibilities and challenges that exist in this critical and dynamic region. This monograph captures three days of panels, keynotes, and discussions among a diverse group of distinguished experts.
Focus areas included shifting econo...

Parameters VOL. 50 NO. 1 Spring 2020
Parameters VOL. 50 NO. 1 Spring 2020
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
February 13, 2020


Special Commentary: #FakeNews in #NatSec; Amanda B. Cronkhite, Wenshuo Zhang, and Leslie Caughell. Civil-Military Relations; John C. Binkley and Zachary E. Griffiths. Adapting to Adaptive Adversaries; Jean-Loup C. Samaan, Ashley Neese-Bybee, Paul Clarke, and Alexander Noyes. Strategic Lieutenants Part II; Carsten F. Roennfeldt, Dorthe Bach Nyemann, and Jør...

Nonstate Actors and Anti-Access/Area Denial Strategies: The Coming Challenge
Nonstate Actors and Anti-Access/Area Denial Strategies: The Coming Challenge
Authored by: Dr Jean-Loup Samaan.
February 06, 2020


This monograph explores the emerging challenge of nonstate actors’ anti-access and area denial (A2/AD) strategies and their implications for the United States and its allies by looking at two regions, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, with case studies such as Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas in the Gaza Strip, the Houthis in Yemen, and separatist groups in Ukraine. ...

Professionalizing the Iraqi Army: US Engagement after the Islamic State
Professionalizing the Iraqi Army: US Engagement after the Islamic State
Authored by: Dr C. A. Pfaff.
January 28, 2020


The United States has spent—and continues to spend—billions of dollars building Iraq’s military capabilities. Despite that fact, Iraq’s military performance, even after wresting control of its territory from the Islamic State, remains inconsistent at best. A survey of Iraqi military history suggests a pattern of strengths, weaknesses, and performance that includes...

Turkey and the United States on the Brink: Implications for NATO and the US-Turkish Strategic and Military Partnership
Turkey and the United States on the Brink: Implications for NATO and the US-Turkish Strategic and Military Partnership
Authored by: Dr. Kamal A. Beyoghlow.
January 08, 2020

This monograph analyzes the current political tensions between the United States and Turkey and suggests ways to manage them. The two countries have been strategic allies since at least the end of World War II—Turkey became a North Atlantic Treaty Organization member and participated with its military forces in the Korea War, and during the Cold War protected NATO’s s...

From Across the War College

School of Strategic Landpower

How the Army Runs 2019-2020: A Senior Leader Reference Handbook This text explains and synthesizes the functioning and relationships of numerous Defense, Joint, and Army organizations, systems, and processes involved in the development and sust... Edited by: Prof Louis G Yuengert Click here for more like this

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

Current Russia Military Affairs What are the key strategic objectives of Russian foreign and security policy? How has Russian operational planning been affected by experiences in Georgia, Ukraine, and elsewhere i... Edited by: Dr John R Deni Click here for more like this

US Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC)

Riding the Hydra: How the Army Enterprise Went to War 2001-2007
The history of the U.S. Army in Operation Iraqi Freedom is replete with tactical and operational studies, and the shifts in strategy are well documented. The Chief of Staff of ...
Authored by: Dr Conrad C Crane, Dr Michael E Lynch, Shane P. Reilly Click here for more like this

Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI)

Stabilization: A New Approach to Whole of Government Operational Planning and Execution The United States has a compelling national security interest to promote stability in select fragile and conflict-affected states.  Such an operational environment is complex and r... Edited by: Professor William J Flavin Click here for more like this

Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL)

Rethinking Sovereignty in the Context of Cyberspace: The Cyber Sovereignty Workshop Series Recent successful "hacks," allegedly carried out by professionals acting on behalf of, or in concert with nation-states have heightened concerns about cyber warfare and sovereignty... Authored by: Cynthia E. Ayers Click here for more like this

School of Strategic Landpower

AY17 Theater Strategy and Campaigning Course Directive Theater Strategy and Campaigning focuses on the study of strategic and operational art to employ the military instrument of national power in pursuit of achieving national goals. T... Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, Dr Richard A Lacquement Jr Click here for more like this

Practitioner's Corner

Strategic Leader Meta-Competencies

Authored by: Stephen Banks, David Eckley, Colonel Silas G. Martinez, Mark Stackle, Prof Louis G Yuengert October 28, 2020

The monograph Strategic Leader Meta-Competencies was written by a group of U.S. Army War College students under faculty supervision in support of the Army Talent Management Task Force. Their stated intent is to help inform the development of the Colonel Command Assessment Program (CCAP), whose inaugural implementation took place in September of 2020. The first iteration of CCAP drew significantly from the Battalion Command Assessment Program (BCAP) that was successfully implemented in 2019-2020. BCAP’s focus is on “fit for command” issues primarily. Future iterations of CCAP will focus more fully on identifying officers...

CAMPAIGN PLANNING HANDBOOK Academic Year 2021

Edited by: Col. Keith Burkepile, COL Matthew D. Morton, COL VeRonica Oswald-Hrutkay October 14, 2020

The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Military Strategy and Campaigning (MSC) course. It also serves to assist commanders, planners, and other staff officers in combatant commands (CCMD), joint task forces (JTF), and service component commands. It supplements joint doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced globally by joint force commanders (JFCs). It portrays a way to apply draft doctrine awaiting signature, published doctrine, and emerging concepts, all at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the combatant command leve...

Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) 2021–2022

Edited by: COL Steve Cunningham, USAWC Strategic Studies Institute July 07, 2020

New for Academic Years 2021-2022, the USAWC has published an updated Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL). The KSIL informs students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. The USAWC in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA), major commands throughout the Army, and the joint and interagency community has updated the Army's priorities for strategic analysis to address issues in the emerging strategic environment and to align with elements of the current Army Vision and Army Strategy. The USAWC will continue to address select topics as Integrated Res...

Leading Change in Military Organizations: Experiential Activity Book

Authored by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin May 28, 2019

This is a companion text for the monograph Leading Change in Military Organizations: Primer for Senior Leaders published in 2018. It contains a series of activities developed during the USAWC resident elective program over the previous four years that allows students or participants to identify, develop, plan, and implement change efforts in large, bureaucratic organizations. It eschews the simplistic approaches used in common business literature about change and presents tools derived from organizational development literature that embraces the complexity and paradoxes associated with real change. An activity book with th...

Strategic Leadership Primer for Senior Leaders, 4th ed.

Edited by: Doctor Thomas P Galvin, Dr Dale E. Watson April 08, 2019


With a Foreword from MG John Kem, 51st Commandant of the U.S. Army War College. The 4th edition of the Strategic Leadership Primer represents a major change in direction from previous editions. In the past, one could assume most U.S. Army War College students had little prior experience at the strategic level. In 2019, this is no longer the case, as some War College students have already served in enterprise-level assignments or performed duties at the strategic level in operational environments. The new Primer includes chapters on defining strategic leadership; understanding competitive environments both external and...

Communication Campaigning: Primer for Senior Leaders

Authored by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin February 01, 2019


Traditional approaches to strategic communication have focused on a single leader's ability to influence stakeholders and other audiences through exceptional communication skills. But there is much more to it. What about the content of the message? How well does the message permeate the organization, allowing it to speak and act as one with the leader? Is it necessary to change minds, or is it sufficient to discredit opposing messages? Using a broad base of literature from organizational studies and the author's experiences, this monograph offers a thought process for building communication campaigns that focus both i...

Leading Change in Military Organizations: Primer for Senior Leaders

Authored by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin September 14, 2018

Senior leaders are told in doctrine that they must lead and manage change. But apart from some popular models for the process of change, there are few how-to guides for leading change in the unique context of military organizations. Moreover, popular change management texts focus on initiating change, and less about inheriting and sustaining change efforts already happening in the unit. This how-to guide draws from a wide range of organizational literature to provide a comprehensive set of questions and guidelines that senior leaders should answer as they navigate change efforts and work to improve their organizations.

Defense Management: Primer for Senior Leaders

Edited by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin May 16, 2018

Defense management is ultimately about making strategic decisions and rendering best military advice to the civilian leadership. The processes, systems, and massive amounts of data exist to help make the best decisions possible about the current preparedness and future requirements of the joint force. This Primer provides an introduction to the defense enterprise and the roles of senior leaders in it, especially for those who have limited experience in service, joint, or defense-level organizations.

How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

Authored by: Dr Alan G Stolberg October 01, 2012

The need for security and the institutionalization of that security in national strategy and its associated documents is becoming a significant concern for nations in the 21st century international system. This need requires the development of national-level strategies that are designed with objectives; the attainment of which can ensure that the conditions necessary for security for a given actor in the international system can be met. The intent of this monograph is to explore the actual processes that nation-states employ to craft their national security strategy-related documents. The study aligned individual case stud...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. 1: Theory of War and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr June 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol 2: National Security Policy and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr July 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

Strategic Leadership Primer: 3rd Edition

Edited by: Dr Stephen J Gerras June 25, 2010

The original edition of the Strategic Leadership Primer, published in 1998, served the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) well as a basic overview of Strategic Leadership. Written by Dr. Rod Magee with the assistance of several other faculty members, it was intended as an orientation reading for students arriving at the USAWC whose backgrounds were primarily in the tactical and operational field environment. The Primer was useful because there was no other adequate work that described and defined strategic leadership in terms that could be understood and applied by USAWC students.

A 2nd edition was published in 2004 a...