Regional Issues

  •  Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere: Issues and Recommendations

    Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere: Issues and Recommendations

    Building Regional Security Cooperation in the Western Hemisphere: Issues and Recommendations COL Wendy Fontela, Dr Mary Grizzard, Dr Max G Manwaring, Mr Dennis M Rempe Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "Today’s Western Hemisphere strategic environment is unique. In stark contrast to many other parts of the world, countries in the Western Hemisphere are not threatened militarily by their neighbors. Twenty-five years ago, the vast majority of the governments in Latin America and the Caribbean were under either communist or autocratic rule. Today, every country in the hemisphere except one is a democracy. Democracy is the goal and the accepted model for government in the Western Hemisphere. This is significant because democracies tend to look out for the welfare of their people, seek positive relations with their neighbors, and, most importantly, do not make war against each other."
    • Published On: 10/1/2003
  •  Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia: Hemispheric Security

    Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia: Hemispheric Security

    Perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia: Hemispheric Security Dr Luiz Bitencourt, AMB Pedro Villagra Delgado, Maj Gen Henry Medina Uribe Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "Return to democratic rule in the Southern Hemisphere since the early 1980s had many positive effects. Among them, that the principles espoused domestically by all of our societies started to be reflected in our foreign policies, particularly towards the other countries of the region. That produced a positive synergy to promote the values we shared."
    • Published On: 7/1/2003
  •  Nationalism, Sectarianism, and the Future of the U.S. Presence in Post-Saddam Iraq

    Nationalism, Sectarianism, and the Future of the U.S. Presence in Post-Saddam Iraq

    Nationalism, Sectarianism, and the Future of the U.S. Presence in Post-Saddam Iraq Dr W Andrew Terrill Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "This monograph, by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill, addresses the critical questions involved in understanding the background of Iraqi national identity and the ways in which it may evolve in the future to either the favor or detriment of the United States. The monograph also provides particular attention to the issue of Iraqi sectarianism and the emerging role of the Shi’ite Muslims, noting the power of an emerging but fractionalized clergy. The result is a thoughtful and probing report including policy recommendations for U.S. military and civilian decisionmakers that helps to illuminate the complex subjects of Iraqi nationalism and sectarianism and their relevance to the U.S. presence in Iraq."
    • Published On: 7/1/2003
  •  Assessing the Impact of U.S.-Israeli Relations on the Arab World

    Assessing the Impact of U.S.-Israeli Relations on the Arab World

    Assessing the Impact of U.S.-Israeli Relations on the Arab World Dr Lenore G Martin Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "In this important monograph, Dr. Lenore Martin of Emmanuel College addresses the challenge that U.S. policymakers face in managing relations with numerous regional allies, including Israel and a host of moderate Arab states. These states often maintain differing concerns and are responding to diverse domestic and international pressures when they seek to influence the United States. These regional concerns and interests are thoroughly analyzed throughout this monograph. Additionally, the special importance of the Palestinian question is well-represented, with nuances of regional opinion carefully reflected."
    • Published On: 7/1/2003
  •  The Lessons of History: The Chinese people's Liberation Army at 75

    The Lessons of History: The Chinese people's Liberation Army at 75

    The Lessons of History: The Chinese people's Liberation Army at 75 Ms Laurie Burkitt, Dr Andrew Scobell, Dr Larry M Wortzel Book by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "With the armed forces of the People’s Republic of China celebrating their 75th anniversary on August 1, 2002, it only seemed appropriate and timely to take stock of the world’s largest military. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has officially been in existence for three-quarters of a century, and its history is one filled with turmoil and warfare. One weekend in September 2002, a group of PLA specialists gathered at Carlisle Barracks, the home of the U.S. Army War College, to assess what lessons China’s soldiers had drawn from the history of their own armed forces. "
    • Published On: 7/1/2003
  •  The United States and Colombia: The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity

    The United States and Colombia: The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity

    The United States and Colombia: The Journey from Ambiguity to Strategic Clarity Dr Gabriel Marcella Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "There has been a remarkable turnaround in the policy of the United States towards Colombia. It has gone from an exclusive focus on counternarcotics to a comprehensive recognition of that nation’s deeply-rooted problems. The factors that drove this change are the tragic events of September 11, 2001, as well as the increased terrorism of the insurgents that threaten the state and society in Colombia. The evolution of American policy takes into account a recurring global geopolitical reality, of which Colombia is a paradigm: the problem of weak states and ungoverned space."
    • Published On: 5/1/2003
  •  Mapping Colombia: The Correlation between Land Data and Strategy

    Mapping Colombia: The Correlation between Land Data and Strategy

    Mapping Colombia: The Correlation between Land Data and Strategy Dr Geoffrey Demarest Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "This monograph highlights a shortcoming of U.S. and Colombian efforts attempted thus far to contain and reduce organized crime and terrorist violence in Colombia. Both governments acknowledge the importance that property rights play in long-term state legitimacy and in the short-term restraint of organized criminality. Nevertheless, inattentiveness to the condition of property rights, especially in rural areas, is both a cause and effect of a fundamental omission bearing on military operations: Colombia is not well-mapped, some of it not at all."
    • Published On: 3/1/2003
  •  Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: The Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: The Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: The Middle East, North Africa, and Turkey Dr W Andrew Terrill Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "War with Iraq will signal the beginning of a new era in American national security policy and alter strategic balances and relationships around the world. The specific effects of the war, though, will vary from region to region. In some, America’s position will be strengthened. In others, it may degrade without serious and sustained efforts."
    • Published On: 3/1/2003
  •  Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Australia and New Zealand

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Australia and New Zealand

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Australia and New Zealand Dr Andrew Scobell Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "This study considers the strategic consequences of U.S. and allied military action against Iraq for the countries of Australia and New Zealand and provides some policy recommendations. The prospect of imminent U.S. military action against Iraq is of enormous interest to both Australia and New Zealand."
    • Published On: 3/1/2003
  •  Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Southeast Asia

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Southeast Asia

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: Southeast Asia Dr Anthony L Smith Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "The attacks of September 11, 2001, outraged governments throughout Southeast Asia, as they did around the world. All Southeast Asian countries condemned the attacks and expressed sympathy to the United States and its people. Washington sought support, in particular, from both Jakarta and Kuala Lumpur in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks. Within days President Megawati of Indonesia made a trip to the United States—a trip that was kept on track despite a general shut down of air traffic—in which the Indonesian leader denounced terrorism. The symbolism of the leader of the world’s largest Muslim country decrying international terrorism was important to U.S. policymakers."
    • Published On: 3/1/2003
  •  Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: South Asia

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: South Asia

    Strategic Effects of Conflict with Iraq: South Asia Dr Amit Gupta Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "India and Pakistan have shied away from President Bush’s call for a military effort to change the regime in Baghdad. India’s official position was given in a joint statement during the official visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to New Delhi in December 2002. The two governments agreed that..."
    • Published On: 3/1/2003
  •  Why Saddam will not Choose Exile

    Why Saddam will not Choose Exile

    Why Saddam will not Choose Exile Dr W Andrew Terrill Op-Ed by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "During his rise to power, Saddam Hussein is reported to have taken his two young sons to Iraqi torture chambers to view acts of torment committed against the luckless individuals imprisoned there. One of these sons, Uday, grew up to be a psychopath, while the other, Qusay, became a cold disciplined killer like his father. Both learned from Saddam’s torturers to avoid the most horrible of all fates—helplessness before your enemies. It is a fate that Saddam himself will never accept."
    • Published On: 2/1/2003
  •  Plan Colombia: Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security

    Plan Colombia: Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security

    Plan Colombia: Reality of the Colombian Crisis and Implications for Hemispheric Security Dr Luz E Nagle Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "Professor Luz E. Nagle has never been a believer in Plan Colombia as the solution to her native country’s array of problems. Now she has again published on the subject, in an article which is eloquently critical about the plan’s results during the administration of President Andrés Pastrana, yet which holds out hope for a better turn of events in the new administration of President Alvaro Uribe. It is a study written with passion and commitment. But also, as befits a law professor, it is scholarly in its degree of documentation and factual content."
    • Published On: 12/1/2002
  •  Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War

    Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War

    Colombia's Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War Mr Richard Millett Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "As this country’s leadership focuses on homeland security, it is important that we look to our own Western Hemisphere. Terrorism does not solely originate in the Middle East. Colombia’s multifaceted conflicts are by no means confined to that country, a fact long appreciated by civilian and military strategists who are engaged in the search for solutions there. Professor Richard L. Millett documents succinctly in this monograph how the spillover from Colombia affects each of the five countries on its border (Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, and Brazil), as well as those somewhat more distant (Bolivia, Paraguay, and the Caribbean states)."
    • Published On: 10/1/2002
  •  Dragon on Terrorism: Assessing China's Tactical Gains and Strategic Losses Post-September 11

    Dragon on Terrorism: Assessing China's Tactical Gains and Strategic Losses Post-September 11

    Dragon on Terrorism: Assessing China's Tactical Gains and Strategic Losses Post-September 11 Dr Mohan Malik Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute "In this monograph, Dr. Mohan Malik of the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies fills this gap as he assesses how the war on terrorism has affected China. He concludes that the war on terrorism radically altered the Asian strategic environment in ways that negated China’s foreign policy gains of the last decade and undermined its image as Asia’s only great power. Dr. Malik then offers a range of recommendations for a more stable relationship with China."
    • Published On: 10/1/2002
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