Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Dr Jeffrey Record
Letort Paper by US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press
"Why did the Axis Powers lose World War II, and what can we learn from its defeat? The Axis seemed on top of the world until 1941, when it added to its list of enemies the United States and the Soviet Union. The entry of Russia and America into the war decisively tipped the balance against Germany, Italy, and Japan. Resource-rich Russia and the United States were prepared for protracted conflict, whereas the Axis was not. From Pearl Harbor onward, it is difficult to imagine how the Axis could have avoided the fate that befell it, short of Stalin’s defection from the Allied side."