Sub-Saharan Africa

 
  •  SOLLIMS Sampler - Reconstruction and Development

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Reconstruction and Development

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Reconstruction and Development Mister David A Mosinski PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "This report provides eight lessons from the SOLLIMS database that highlight the importance of discussing, dissecting, and analyzing these difficult issues of Reconstruction and Development – and the greater need for crafting solutions/improvements/frameworks for the benefit of future missions."
    • Published On: 11/21/2014
  •  Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1

    Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1

    Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1 Mister Robert C Browne Peace and Stability Journal by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "Some scholars warn that the 2010-12 Coalition “surge” in Afghanistan fell well short of the positive, albeit short-term results of the 2007-08 surge in Iraq. Since the Taliban threat remains high, its capabilities lethal, and its ideology resilient, the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF – including both the Army and Police) continue to face a major challenge in countering this insurgency while protecting the civilian population, particularly in the south and east of Afghanistan."
    • Published On: 10/15/2014
  •  Tackling Africa's First Narco-State: Guinea-Bissau in West Africa

    Tackling Africa's First Narco-State: Guinea-Bissau in West Africa

    Tackling Africa's First Narco-State: Guinea-Bissau in West Africa Colonel Stephen K Van Riper PKSOI Paper by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, US Army War College Press "The United Nations coined the term ‘transnational crime’ in the 1970s to call attention to criminal acts which transcended national jurisdictions, such as money laundering, terrorist activities, illicit arms trafficking, illicit drug trafficking, trafficking in persons, and corruption. These types of activities inherently undermine progress in the peace and stability operations environment and deter foreign assistance in affected areas."
    • Published On: 9/1/2014
  •  SOLLIMS Sampler – Women, Peace and Security

    SOLLIMS Sampler – Women, Peace and Security

    SOLLIMS Sampler – Women, Peace and Security Mister David A Mosinski PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "Addressing gender issues while planning and conducting peace and stability operations requires the utmost attention to detail. Time spent on this endeavor, however, is absolutely essential for mission success."
    • Published On: 8/27/2014
  •  Preventing and Managing Conflict in an Unstable World

    Preventing and Managing Conflict in an Unstable World

    Preventing and Managing Conflict in an Unstable World Paul Sangrey, Karen Finkenbinder, PKSOI Interns: Jeremy Wallace, Sarah Cassel, Nasim Fekrat, Sarah Masciola, James Pagano, Danielle Humphrey, Charles Williams Glaser, Paul Sangrey, Rachel Baras, Michael Fishman, Benjamin Brandt, Zachary Ricchuiti, Michael Bruno, Jason Kring PKSOI Paper by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, US Army War College Press "The genesis for this anthology occurred almost two years ago. As the internship program grew, we realized that many of their projects were too good to be used only by us. We thought their ideas deserved a forum where others might also benefit from their observations. This anthology is not exhaustive. In fact, there were many more papers we would have liked to include but, alas, we had to make the cut somewhere. These papers were written between 2010 and 2012."
    • Published On: 5/1/2014
  •  SOLLIMS Sampler - Overcoming "Challenges & Spoilers" with "Unity & Resolve"

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Overcoming "Challenges & Spoilers" with "Unity & Resolve"

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Overcoming "Challenges & Spoilers" with "Unity & Resolve" Mister David A Mosinski PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "Overcoming “challenges and spoilers” within conflict-affected nations is a demanding endeavor. Stability operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, the Philippines, and multiple nations of Africa have shown that bringing lasting peace/stability to troubled nations – plagued by warlords, extremists, and paramilitaries – is never easy. These have proven to be highly complex operations requiring an extensive understanding of the environment, an extensive understanding of the “challenges and spoilers” within the environment, and an extensive understanding of their connections to 3rd party nations/states/actors."
    • Published On: 4/7/2014
  •  SOLLIMS Sampler - Improving Host Nation Security through Police Forces

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Improving Host Nation Security through Police Forces

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Improving Host Nation Security through Police Forces Mister David A Mosinski PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "A safe and secure environment requires, as a minimum, the physical security of civilians, public figures/forums, critical infrastructure, government facilities, and cultural/historical sites. Protecting people/events/facilities, establishing law and order, and maintaining law and order are vital functions for keeping the peace/ stabilization process moving forward and for allowing expansion of service deliveries and market activities. Police forces are essential players for handling these functions."
    • Published On: 1/6/2014
  •  Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia

    Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia

    Building Better Armies: An Insider’s Account of Liberia Dr Sean McFate Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "We have long known that helping allies build better armies and police forces is a key to regional stability and the exit strategy for costly missions like Afghanistan in an “as they stand up, we stand down” approach. Yet the U.S. track record on this is unacceptably weak. The 2012 coup in Mali was staged by U.S. trained Malian soldiers. In Afghanistan, after years of training, the Pentagon assessed that only one of the Afghan National Army’s 23 brigades is able to operate independently. This does not augur well for U.S. troop withdrawal in 2014 or for the future of Afghanistan."
    • Published On: 11/1/2013
  •  State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia

    State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia

    State Collapse, Insurgency, and Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Somalia Dr J Peter Pham Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "...In this monograph, however, Dr. J. Peter Pham adopts a different approach. Beginning with a keen appreciation for the intricacies of Somali culture and history, he argues that the key is to understand political legitimacy among the Somali and then examines how both al-Shabaab and the different local polities that have emerged in Somalia have, to varying degrees, acquired it—as well as how successive Somali regimes have not. He also explores how weakness of, and divisions among, the insurgents can be better exploited by engaging and empowering alternative centers of legitimacy. What emerges from his analysis is a rather nuanced picture of the counterinsurgency strategy that, following several frustrating years, finally achieved its objectives, as well as several provocative suggestions."
    • Published On: 11/1/2013
  •  What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability

    What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability

    What Is Next for Mali? The Roots of Conflict and Challenges to Stability Dr Dona J Stewart Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "In March 2012, the government of Mali, one of the most touted symbols of Africa’s democratic potential fell in a military-executed coup. At the same time, a 4-decade-old rebellion among Tuaregs seeking autonomy or independence reached new heights, fueled by weapons from Muammar Gadaffi’s fallen government and perhaps the belief that the Arab Spring could extend to northern Mali. Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and their allies were quick to capitalize on the increasing chaos in a territory characterized by lack of government control and poverty and seized the major cities in the north. The imposition of a severe form of Islamic law and a growing food crisis sent the population fleeing south across Mali’s international borders. The French-led military intervention, Operation SERVAL, ousted the militants from the main cities in the north, but did not address the crisis’ underlying issues including the grievances that feed the Tuareg nationalist movement, the establishment of a civilian-led government in Mali, and the near- and long-term threats to food security. The eruption of this crisis also demands a critical look at the Sahel’s regional security framework, and the U.S. role in it. "
    • Published On: 11/1/2013
  •  SOLLIMS Sampler - Key Enablers for Peacekeeping & Stability Operations

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Key Enablers for Peacekeeping & Stability Operations

    SOLLIMS Sampler - Key Enablers for Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Mister David A Mosinski PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "In the course of recent / ongoing operations in Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Kenya, Liberia, Libya, and Sierra Leone, a number of key “enablers” have significantly contributed to mission accomplishment. In most cases, these “enablers” were developed / instituted to address a specific need or shortfall, and they rather quickly made a positive operational impact for the forces involved. Granted, no two operations are ever alike, however, the key “enablers” covered in this report are nonetheless offered as “food for thought” for planners and practitioners of future peacekeeping and stability operations."
    • Published On: 10/29/2013
  •  Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 3, Issue 4

    Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 3, Issue 4

    Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 3, Issue 4 Mister Robert C Browne Peace and Stability Journal by the US Army War College, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute "The US Army’s War College’s Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) personnel including Colonels Ed Lowe, Jim McFadden, and Bo Balcavage, along with retired Colonel Tony Lieto, traveled to West Africa in June 2013 to support one of US Army Africa’s (USARAF) premier training and security cooperation events, exercise Western Accord 2013 (WA13)..."
    • Published On: 8/6/2013
  •  The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States

    The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States

    The Causes of Instability in Nigeria and Implications for the United States LTC Clarence J Bouchat (USAF, Ret) Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "Understanding the political economy of Nigeria is needed to reveal the root causes of its many ethnic, religious, economic, and political problems and address them for the long term. The pressures now weighing on Nigeria could literally fracture the state along deep fault lines if rampant corruption and partisanship continues. The United States, in a mutually important partnership with Nigeria, should assist in specific but indirect ways to help Nigerians overcome their political economy problems, which could serve both the interests of the United States and Nigeria. Within such assistance, the role of the U.S. military is particularly delicate, but needed through focused aid to specific programs and sharing of expertise, all best managed through employing units that are regionally aligned to Nigeria or West Africa."
    • Published On: 8/1/2013
  •  Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Russian Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa Mr Keir Giles Letort Paper by US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "Competition for resources, political influence, and access to markets will continue to increase among global powers as finite resources continue to dwindle. Russia is fully aware of this and has begun to look outside established power centers such as Europe and the West toward Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa is a hub of undeveloped natural resources, a nest of conflict to fuel potential arms sales, and an area ripe for cultivation of political support for Russian interests on the world stage."
    • Published On: 7/1/2013
  •  Nigerian Unity: In the Balance

    Nigerian Unity: In the Balance

    Nigerian Unity: In the Balance LTC Clarence J Bouchat (USAF, Ret), Mr Gerald McLoughlin Monograph by the US Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College Press "This monograph examines why Nigeria is important to the United States, and the historic, religious, cultural, political, physical, demographic, and economic factors that will determine if Nigeria remains whole. It identifies Nigeria’s major fault lines and makes policy recommendations for the United States to support Nigerians in their efforts to maintain a functioning and integrated state and, by so doing, advance U.S. interests."
    • Published On: 6/1/2013
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