Recent Publications from the USAWC

Maneuvering the Saudi-Iranian Rivalry in the Middle East: How the United States Can Preserve and Protect Its Long-Term Interests in the Region
Maneuvering the Saudi-Iranian Rivalry in the Middle East: How the United States Can Preserve and Protect Its Long-Term Interests in the Region
Authored by: Mr Gregory Aftandilian.
November 15, 2018

This monograph examines the conflicts in the Middle East region between Saudi Arabia and Iran and the so-called proxy wars that are being fought between them, and discusses ways that the United States needs to maneuver carefully in this struggle to preserve its long-term interests in the area. Although Washington has political, economic, and strategic equities with Ri...

Current Russia Military Affairs
Current Russia Military Affairs
Edited by: Dr John R Deni.
July 27, 2018

What are the key strategic objectives of Russian foreign and security policy? How has Russian operational planning been affected by experiences in Georgia, Ukraine, and elsewhere in recent years? What international or domestic factors most influence Russian force modernization? These and other questions were at the top of the agenda on May 1, 2018, as the U.S. Army Wa...

The Army War College Review Vol. 4. No. 1 & 2
The Army War College Review Vol. 4. No. 1 & 2
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
August 27, 2018

The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security stu...

Creating Great Expectations: Strategic Communications and American Airpower
Creating Great Expectations: Strategic Communications and American Airpower
Authored by: Dr Conrad C Crane.
November 05, 2018

Americans have always been uniquely attracted to airpower, a fact that has been successfully exploited by generations of U.S. Air Force leaders in information campaigns. But as a result, the nation has often entered conflicts with exorbitant expectations about what airpower could actually accomplish, creating unique challenges in strategic communications when promises...

Silent Partners: Organized Crime, Irregular Groups, and Nation-States
Silent Partners: Organized Crime, Irregular Groups, and Nation-States
Authored by: Dr Shima D Keene.
October 23, 2018

The U.S. Army increasingly faces adversaries that are difficult to define. The threat landscape is further complicated by the silent partnership between criminal organizations, irregular groups, and nation-states. This collaboration, whatever its exact nature, is problematic, because it confounds understanding of the adversary, making existing countermeasures less eff...

Strategic Insights: Better Late Than Never
Strategic Insights: Better Late Than Never
Authored by: Dr M Chris Mason.
October 23, 2018

Seventeen years ago this November, in a conference room in the Pentagon, I explained that, in whatever form it took, the new Government of Afghanistan would require some sort of provincial or territorial forces under Afghan Army command to augment the regular national army, which the interagency working group was tasked with creating. This structure was how Afghanista...

Assessing the Collective Security Treaty Organization: Capabilities and Vulnerabilities
Assessing the Collective Security Treaty Organization: Capabilities and Vulnerabilities
Authored by: Dr Richard Weitz.
October 18, 2018

Russia has strengthened its military position in Central Asia and the South Caucasus through a combination of bilateral and multilateral initiatives. The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) has become the most important multilateral defense structure in the former Soviet Union and is an essential instrument in Russia’s resurgence. The CSTO has expanded its ...

Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 2 SUMMER 2018
Parameters VOL. 48 NO. 2 SUMMER 2018
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
October 04, 2018

FEATURES: Special Commentary. “The Military as Social Experiment: Challenging a Trope” by Jacqueline E. Whitt and Elizabeth A. Perazzo. Teaching Strategy. “Stuff Happens: Understanding Causation in Policy and Strategy” by Andrew A. Hill and Stephen J. Gerras. “Comparative Strategy in Professional Military Education” by Jean-Loup Samaan. Nontraditional War. “Rus...

Maintaining Information Dominance in Complex Environments
Maintaining Information Dominance in Complex Environments
Authored by: Dr John A S. Ardis, Dr Shima D Keene.
October 03, 2018

There are many risks to the U.S. Army’s command and control (C2) operations and to its intelligence and information warfare (IW) capabilities. The challenges include: significant uncertainty; sudden unexpected events; high noise and clutter levels in intelligence pictures; basic and complex deceptions exercised through a variety of channels; the actions of hidden mali...

The Relevance of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for the United States in the 21st Century
The Relevance of the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for the United States in the 21st Century
Authored by: Dr Joel R Hillison.
September 27, 2018

The “America First” approach to foreign policy seems to call into question the value of institutions like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU). However, in a more competitive and uncertain strategic environment, NATO and the EU remain vital to promoting U.S. interests.

Strategic Insights: ISIS in Libya: A Threat or a Dead-End?
Strategic Insights: ISIS in Libya: A Threat or a Dead-End?
Authored by: Dr Azeem Ibrahim.
September 26, 2018

Prior to 1912, Libya was a province within the Ottoman Empire and subdivided into two regions (Tripolitania in the west and Cyrenaica in the east) reflecting a long-standing ethnic and geographic division in the country. Although not administered separately, the large region reaching south into the Sahara had a different ethnic make-up compared to the rest of the coun...

Exit Strategy: Rule of Law and the U.S. Army
Exit Strategy: Rule of Law and the U.S. Army
Authored by: Dr Shima D Keene.
September 25, 2018

Establishing the rule of law is a key goal and end state in counterinsurgency (COIN) operations and is a critical aspect of securing peace and preventing future conflict. However, recent experience in theaters such as Afghanistan has shown that establishing effective rule of law institutions and practices is not a straightforward task. Consequently, considerations as ...

The Dual-System Problem in Complex Conflicts
The Dual-System Problem in Complex Conflicts
Authored by: Ms. Melissa Gregg, Dr. Robert D. Lamb.
September 20, 2018

Conflict and fragile environments are increasingly complex and unpredictable, but the U.S. policy system itself is much more complex and unpredictable than most leaders appreciate. In this monograph, the authors argue that until we get a grasp on this “dual-system problem,” the United States will fall further and further behind in its strategic ambitions.

Leading Change in Military Organizations: Primer for Senior Leaders
Leading Change in Military Organizations: Primer for Senior Leaders
Authored by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin.
September 14, 2018

Senior leaders are told in doctrine that they must lead and manage change. But apart from some popular models for the process of change, there are few how-to guides for leading change in the unique context of military organizations. Moreover, popular change management texts focus on initiating change, and less about inheriting and sustaining change efforts already hap...

A Security Role for the United States in a Post-ISIS Syria?
A Security Role for the United States in a Post-ISIS Syria?
Authored by: Mr Gregory Aftandilian.
September 14, 2018

Syria has become one of the most vexing and complex problems for U.S. strategic planners in recent times. Currently, the United States has about 2,000 troops in the northeastern part of the country whose primary mission has been to aid the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), made up primarily of Kurds and some Arab tribesmen, to fight ISIS. The near total defeat of ISIS...

Impacts of Anti-Access/Area Denial Measures on Space Systems: Issues and Implications for Army and Joint Forces
Impacts of Anti-Access/Area Denial Measures on Space Systems: Issues and Implications for Army and Joint Forces
Authored by: Mr Jeffrey L Caton.
September 05, 2018

The 2018 National Defense Strategy and National Space Strategy both reaffirm the vital interests that the United States has in the domain of space. However, space remains an inherently hostile environment that has become congested, contested, and competitive among the nations. What are ways for the U.S. Army to assure the success of its space-dependent warfighting fun...

Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future-Second Edition
Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future-Second Edition
Authored by: Mr Henry D Sokolski.
August 22, 2018

Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition explores what nuclear future we may face over the next three decades and how we currently think about this future. Will nuclear weapons spread in the next 20 years to more nations than just North Korea and possibly Iran? How dire will the consequences be? What might help us avoid the worst?

New Directions in Just-War Theory
New Directions in Just-War Theory
Authored by: Dr. J. T. Reiner.
July 30, 2018

One of the major developments in international law since World War II is the growth of human rights law dedicated to ensuring the protection of individuals from violence wherever they are, including from their own state. Tracking such changes, in recent decades, just-war theory has evolved from its traditional focus on state sovereignty in the direction of a rights-ba...

From Across the War College

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

Current Russia Military Affairs What are the key strategic objectives of Russian foreign and security policy? How has Russian operational planning been affected by experiences in Georgia, Ukraine, and elsewhere i... Edited by: Dr John R Deni Click here for more like this

Stabilization: A New Approach to Whole of Government Operational Planning and Execution The United States has a compelling national security interest to promote stability in select fragile and conflict-affected states.  Such an operational environment is complex and r... Edited by: Professor William J Flavin Click here for more like this

The Stability Operations Lessons Learned & Information Management System (SOLLIMS) Sampler Vol. 9 Issue 2 Welcome to the 36th edition of the SOLLIMS Lessons Learned Sampler– Inclusive Peacebuilding: Working with Communities!
This lessons learned compendium contains just a sample ...
Authored by: PKSOI Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Click here for more like this

Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL)

Rethinking Sovereignty in the Context of Cyberspace: The Cyber Sovereignty Workshop Series Recent successful "hacks," allegedly carried out by professionals acting on behalf of, or in concert with nation-states have heightened concerns about cyber warfare and sovereignty... Authored by: Cynthia E. Ayers Click here for more like this

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

U.S. Landpower in the South China Sea U.S. landpower is an essential, but often overlooked, element of national power in semi-enclosed maritime environments like the South China Sea. This monograph gives U.S. policymak... Authored by: LTC Clarence J Bouchat (USAF, Ret) Click here for more like this

School of Strategic Landpower

AY17 Theater Strategy and Campaigning Course Directive Theater Strategy and Campaigning focuses on the study of strategic and operational art to employ the military instrument of national power in pursuit of achieving national goals. T... Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, Dr Richard A Lacquement Jr Click here for more like this

Practitioner's Corner

Campaign Planning Handbook AY19

Authored by: USAWC School of Strategic Landpower/DMSPO Edited by: COL Mark Haseman October 19, 2018

The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Theater Strategy and Campaigning (TSC) course. It also serves to assist commanders, planners, and other staff officers in combatant commands (CCMD), joint task forces (JTF), and service component commands. It supplements joint doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced globally by joint force commanders (JFCs). It portrays a way to apply published doctrine and emerging doctrine at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the combatant command level.

Leading Change in Military Organizations: Primer for Senior Leaders

Authored by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin September 14, 2018

Senior leaders are told in doctrine that they must lead and manage change. But apart from some popular models for the process of change, there are few how-to guides for leading change in the unique context of military organizations. Moreover, popular change management texts focus on initiating change, and less about inheriting and sustaining change efforts already happening in the unit. This how-to guide draws from a wide range of organizational literature to provide a comprehensive set of questions and guidelines that senior leaders should answer as they navigate change efforts and work to improve their organizations.

2018 - 2020 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: LTC Charles A. Carlton, USAWC Strategic Studies Institute August 17, 2018

For over a decade, the USAWC has published the Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) to inform students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. A subset of these topics, designated as Chief of Staff of the Army special interest topics, consists of those which demand special attention. The USAWC will address these as Integrated Research Projects and other research efforts. The USAWC in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA), major commands throughout the Army, and the joint and interagency community have developed the remaining Army Priorities for Stra...

How the Army Runs 2017-2018

Authored by: LTC (Ret) Tony Caldwell, COL (Ret) Pete Colón, Mr. Keith Dean, COL (Ret) Jude Fernan, LTC (Ret) Larissa Ginty, LTC Nathan Goubeaux, LTC (Ret) Co... Edited by: COL Darrell Aubrey, Prof Edward J Filiberti, Prof Fred Gellert, Ms Julie T Manta, Dr Richard M Meinhart, COL Barrett Parker, COL John Sena, COL ... May 11, 2018

At the time of printing this edition, Army senior leaders have directed a task force under the leadership of the Director, Office of Business Transformation, Lieutenant General Edward C. Cardon to organize the Army Futures Command (AFC) with an initial operational capability of 1 July 2018. The Army’s current modernization enterprise is challenged to generate requisite capabilities that ensure overmatch against our adversaries. Past ways of thinking, organizing, and executing have limited the Army’s ability to pace technological development against adversaries like Russia and China. The Army has established eight cross-...

Defense Management: Primer for Senior Leaders

Edited by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin May 16, 2018

Defense management is ultimately about making strategic decisions and rendering best military advice to the civilian leadership. The processes, systems, and massive amounts of data exist to help make the best decisions possible about the current preparedness and future requirements of the joint force. This Primer provides an introduction to the defense enterprise and the roles of senior leaders in it, especially for those who have limited experience in service, joint, or defense-level organizations.

2017-18 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: COL Todd E. Key November 15, 2017

For over a decade, the USAWC has published the annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) to inform students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. Part I of the Academic Year (AY) 2018 KSIL, referred to as the Chief of Staff of the Army Special Interest Topics, consists of critical topics demanding special attention. A subset of these topics will be addressed by the USAWC as Integrated Research Projects. Part II: Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis, has been developed by the U.S. Army War College in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA) and Ma...

2016-17 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: Prof John F Troxell July 01, 2016

The United States faces security challenges within a global context of rapid technological change, significant demographic shifts, an uncertain economy, and geostrategic power dynamics of historic proportions. These conditions intensify the level of uncertainty and the pace of change, and raise the potential for significant interstate conflict to levels higher than at any time since the end of the Cold War. We must continue to focus the efforts of the Army's educational institutions on addressing these seemingly insurmountable challenges. The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL), developed by the U.S. Army War College, in coor...

How the Army Runs 2015-2016

Authored by: Prof Charles D Allen, Mr Armor Brown II, COL (Ret) Jerry Chastain, Mr Craig Dyer, Prof Edward J Filiberti, Mr Steven Grimes, Dr Jeffrey L Groh, ... August 28, 2015

Since the events of 9/11, the Army has transformed to a modular force, transitioned to regional engagement augmented with a stand-by global response force, and continued as a force trusted to defend America’s citizens and interests at home and abroad. The Army, as the backbone of the Joint Force, requires dynamic change, adaptation to the variables of the Operating Environment, agility to overmatch adversaries, and the staying power to withstand the blows of a convulsive strategic environment. Army Force Management, as a continuum across Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, Facil...

How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

Authored by: Dr Alan G Stolberg October 01, 2012

The need for security and the institutionalization of that security in national strategy and its associated documents is becoming a significant concern for nations in the 21st century international system. This need requires the development of national-level strategies that are designed with objectives; the attainment of which can ensure that the conditions necessary for security for a given actor in the international system can be met. The intent of this monograph is to explore the actual processes that nation-states employ to craft their national security strategy-related documents. The study aligned individual case stud...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. 1: Theory of War and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr June 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol 2: National Security Policy and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr July 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

Strategic Leadership Primer: 3rd Edition

Edited by: Dr Stephen J Gerras June 25, 2010

The original edition of the Strategic Leadership Primer, published in 1998, served the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) well as a basic overview of Strategic Leadership. Written by Dr. Rod Magee with the assistance of several other faculty members, it was intended as an orientation reading for students arriving at the USAWC whose backgrounds were primarily in the tactical and operational field environment. The Primer was useful because there was no other adequate work that described and defined strategic leadership in terms that could be understood and applied by USAWC students.

A 2nd edition was published in 2004 a...