Recent Publications from the USAWC Press

Friendly Force Dilemmas in Europe: Challenges Within and Among Intergovernmental Organizations and the Implications for the U.S. Army
Friendly Force Dilemmas in Europe: Challenges Within and Among Intergovernmental Organizations and the Implications for the U.S. Army
Authored by: Jose Luis Calvo Albero, Jose De Meer Madrid, Kirk Gallinger, Klaus Klingenschmid, Angus McAfee, Stefano Messina, Markus Meyer, Michael Mineni, Darryl Rupp.
May 23, 2018

After a period of stability, the transatlantic community is facing considerable challenges in maintaining European security. Russia’s efforts to destabilize Europe, terrorism, climate change, energy insecurity, migration, fracturing European identity, and the reemergence of nationalist populism challenge the ability of European institutions to perform their central fu...

Robotics and Military Operations
Robotics and Military Operations
Edited by: Prof William G Braun III, Kim Richard Nossal, Stéfanie von Hlatky.
May 22, 2018

In the wake of two extended wars, Western militaries find themselves looking to the future while confronting amorphous nonstate threats and shrinking defense budgets. The 2015 Kingston Conference on International Security (KCIS) examined how robotics and autonomous systems that enhance soldier effectiveness may offer attractive investment opportunities for developing ...

Strategic Insights: After the Smoke Clears in Syria: Dilemmas for U.S. Strategy Remain
Strategic Insights: After the Smoke Clears in Syria: Dilemmas for U.S. Strategy Remain
Authored by: Dr Christopher J Bolan.
May 18, 2018

In the wake of recent U.S. and Israeli military strikes, the potential for expanded U.S. military engagement in the Syrian civil war is growing and U.S. policymakers will need to plot a smart strategic course ahead. In doing so, they will need to conduct an honest appraisal of America’s interests in Syria and wrestle with the many strategic dilemmas confronting them.

Strategic Insights: The Assad Regime and Chemical Weapons
Strategic Insights: The Assad Regime and Chemical Weapons
Authored by: Dr Robert J Bunker.
May 18, 2018

On April 7, 2018, insurgents and civilians in a rebel enclave in Douma, east of Damascus, Syria, were subjected to a chemical weapons attack during an offensive conducted by Assad regime and allied Russian and Iranian-linked ground forces. At least 42 individuals were reported to have been killed in the attack due to suffocation—primarily in their homes—with more than...

The Land, Space, and Cyberspace Nexus: Evolution of the Oldest Military Operations in the Newest Military Domains
The Land, Space, and Cyberspace Nexus: Evolution of the Oldest Military Operations in the Newest Military Domains
Authored by: Mr Jeffrey L Caton.
March 27, 2018

Over the last century, the domains of air, space, and cyberspace have joined the traditional warfighting domains of land and sea. While the doctrine for land operations is relatively mature, the doctrine for space and cyberspace continue to evolve, often in an unstructured manner. This monograph examines the relationships among these domains and how they apply to U.S....

Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond
Strategic Insights: Making Good on the NSS and NDS: Competing with Russia in Europe and Beyond
Authored by: Dr John R Deni.
March 20, 2018

In January, the Trump administration released its first National Defense Strategy (NDS), which closely followed the December 2017 release of the new National Security Strategy (NSS). Both of these documents call for a fundamental shift in the U.S. approach to security, emphasizing competition against Russia and China at the expense of what some may argue has been a my...

Strategic Insights: The Strategic Relevance of Latin America in the U.S. National Security Strategy
Strategic Insights: The Strategic Relevance of Latin America in the U.S. National Security Strategy
Authored by: Dr. Jose de Arimateia da Cruz.
March 14, 2018

The much-anticipated National Security Strategy of the United States of America was released in December 2017 by President Donald J. Trump. The National Security Strategy is composed of four pillars and is applied in a regional context. How does the National Security Strategy view the Western Hemisphere? What are the U.S. priorities within the realm?

Parameters 47, no. 4 (Winter 2017–18)
Parameters 47, no. 4 (Winter 2017–18)
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
March 08, 2018

FEATURES: Exploring War’s Character & Nature. "Clausewitz’s Theory of War and Victory in Contemporary Conflict" by Emile Simpson. "Will War’s Nature Change in the Seventh Military Revolution?" by F. G. Hoffman. Learning from Military Transformations. "Lessons Unlearned: Army Transformation and Low-Intensity Conflict" by Pat Proctor. "Navigating th...

Strategic Insights: Nuclear Posture Review: Three Reasons the Army Should Care
Strategic Insights: Nuclear Posture Review: Three Reasons the Army Should Care
Authored by: Dr Michael Fitzsimmons.
February 14, 2018

Debate over the Trump administration’s new Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) is now in full and predictable bloom. While many of its conclusions demonstrate continuity with the Obama administration’s modernization plans, controversy has centered on two of the review’s recommendations: to deploy new low-yield weapons on sea-launched ballistic and cruise missiles; and to sig...

Avoiding the Trap: U.S. Strategy and Policy for Competing in the Asia-Pacific Beyond the Rebalance
Avoiding the Trap: U.S. Strategy and Policy for Competing in the Asia-Pacific Beyond the Rebalance
Edited by: COL (R) Frederick J. Gellert, Dr David Lai, Prof John F Troxell.
February 06, 2018


The Trump administration has recently called for a free and open Indo-Pacific, essentially replacing the Obama-era “Rebalance.” This U.S. Army War College report provides prescient analysis and policy recommendations on how to proceed down the path to this call while simultaneously managing the rise of China.

Strategic Insights: Challenges in Using Scenario Planning for Defense Strategy
Strategic Insights: Challenges in Using Scenario Planning for Defense Strategy
Authored by: Dr Michael Fitzsimmons.
January 30, 2018


Lawrence Freedman and Colin Gray are two of the most famous contemporary scholars of military strategy. Within the past few years, each published a book addressing different aspects of the same practical problem of strategy: defense planning. Considered to be strategy’s mundane cousin, defense planning revolves around how a nation designs its military according ...

Strategic Insights: Revolutionary Change Is Coming to Strategic Leadership
Strategic Insights: Revolutionary Change Is Coming to Strategic Leadership
Authored by: Dr Steven Metz.
December 19, 2017

Clausewitz famously observed that war has an enduring nature and a changing character that evolves over time as technology, society, economics, and politics shift. This observation also applies to strategic leadership: it too has an enduring nature and a changing character.

Strategic Insights: Proxy War Norms
Strategic Insights: Proxy War Norms
Authored by: Dr C. A. Pfaff.
December 18, 2017

Current trends in international relations suggest the United States will place a greater reliance on international partners in securing vital national interests. Growing assertiveness by regional state actors, increasingly capable nonstate actors, and a “war-weary” American public suggest the emergence of a “polyarchic” world order that will strain the United States’ ...

Still Soldiers and Scholars? An Analysis of Army Officer Testing
Still Soldiers and Scholars? An Analysis of Army Officer Testing
Authored by: Dr Steven J. Condly, Dr Arthur T Coumbe, LTC William L Skimmyhorn.
December 15, 2017

Still Soldiers and Scholars? sheds light on a neglected aspect of talent management, namely, officer accessions testing and evaluation. It does so by tracing the history of officer testing since 1900, identifying and analyzing key developments in the assessment process, and then offering recommendations about how the Army should revise its approach to officer t...

Parameters Autumn 2017, Vol. 47 No. 3
Parameters Autumn 2017, Vol. 47 No. 3
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
November 30, 2017

FEATURES: Special Commentary. Limits of Negative Peace, Faces of Positive Peace — Patricia M. Shields. A Wake for Counterinsurgency? Abandoning Counterinsurgency: Reviving Antiterrorism Strategy—Steven Metz. Insurgent Defectors in Counterinsurgencies—Jacqueline L. Hazelton. War among (& for) the People. Rethinking NATO Policy on the Protect...

Armed Robotic Systems Emergence: Weapons Systems Life Cycles Analysis and New Strategic Realities
Armed Robotic Systems Emergence: Weapons Systems Life Cycles Analysis and New Strategic Realities
Authored by: Dr Robert J Bunker.
November 14, 2017

Armed robotic systems—drones and droids—now emerging on the battlefield portend new strategic realities not only for U.S. forces but also for our allies and future potential belligerents. Numerous questions of immediate warfighting importance come to mind with the fielding of these drones and droids that are viewed as still being in their experimental and entrepreneur...

Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain
Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain
Authored by: Mr Jeffrey L Caton.
November 02, 2017

In 2011, the Department of Defense (DoD) released its Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which officially recognized cyberspace as an operational domain akin to the traditional military domains of land, sea, air, and space. This monograph examines the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy to evaluate how well its five strategic goals and associated implementation objectives defi...

Terrorist Sanctuary in the Sahara: A Case Study
Terrorist Sanctuary in the Sahara: A Case Study
Authored by: LTC Joseph C. Guido.
November 01, 2017

The idea to deny sanctuary to terrorist groups lies at the heart of contemporary U.S. counterterrorism strategy. Violent extremist organizations in North Africa, most notably the group al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), have used remote and sparsely populated areas in the Sahara for protection from security forces to perform a range of activities such as training...

Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army
Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army
Edited by: Mr Samuel R White Jr.
October 26, 2017

The Defense Innovation Initiative (DII), begun in November 2014 by former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, is intended to ensure U.S. military superiority throughout the 21st century. The DII seeks broad-based innovation across the spectrum of concepts, research and development, capabilities, leader development, wargaming, and business practices. An essential compone...

Climate Impact on National Security
Climate Impact on National Security
Authored by: ISGP Institute on Science for Global Policy, USAWC Strategic Studies Institute.
October 12, 2017

Why does climate matter for the security of the nation and its citizens? A series of critical evaluations and recommendations focused on how current and deteriorating climate/weather conditions impact U.S. national security and U.S. military missions, domestically and internationally.

Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC
Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC
Authored by: Dr Jean-Loup Samaan.
September 28, 2017

Although collective security in the Gulf is the topic of numerous policy publications, most of the available literature focuses on the political environment without considering the operational requirements of this scenario. This monograph offers an evaluation of Gulf defense cooperation programs in order to stir the discussion on the future of the Gulf Cooperation Cou...

Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics
Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics
Authored by: Mr Roman Muzalevsky.
September 14, 2017

A series of megatrends will present a major challenge to the United States in the coming decades, exposing it to crises and opportunities on the battlefield and in the market. The U.S. military should stand ready to harness these dynamics to retain its edge in an operational environment marked by increased complexity, speed, and intensity of global developments.

The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War
The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War
Authored by: MAJ Daniel D. Maurer.
September 11, 2017

This monograph reimagines war’s fundamental nature, extending Clausewitz’s theory of its political origin and “Trinitarian” elements in a way that embraces alternative, sociological explanations like that of John Keegan. Ultimately, it proposes a new way to visualize the complexities of war’s intrinsic elements, operating at any scale, and expresses war with a complet...

Building Partner Capacity in Africa: Keys to Success
Building Partner Capacity in Africa: Keys to Success
Edited by: Prof Frank L Jones.
August 29, 2017

The fiscal year (FY) 2017 National Defense Authorization Act, which includes a title to reform the Department of Defense (DoD) security cooperation, has far-reaching implications for U.S. defense interests in Africa. As the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee notes, “the Department of Defense continues to place greater emphasis on security cooperation, to i...

Strategic Insights: Lost in Translation
Strategic Insights: Lost in Translation
Authored by: Dr M Chris Mason.
August 17, 2017

In a change from the Vietnam War—where the U.S. military trained at least 45,000 deploying service members to speak Vietnamese and probably twice that number—for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, apart from some remotely-based intelligence specialists doing classified work, the U.S. military trained almost no deploying personnel to speak either Arabic or Pashto fluent...

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit
What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit
Authored by: Dr Colin S Gray.
July 26, 2017

Does history repeat itself? This monograph clearly answers “no,” firmly. However, it does not argue that an absence of repetition in the sense of analogy means that history can have no utility for the soldier today. This monograph argues for a “historical parallelism,” in place of shaky or false analogy. The past, even the distant and ancient past, provides evidence o...

The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 2
The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 2
Authored by: Colonel James M. Efaw, Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin R. Jonsson, Lieutenant Colonel Asariel Loria, Commander Mark O’Connell, Colonel Stephen E. Schemenauer.
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
July 24, 2017

The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the ...

The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 1
The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 1
Authored by: Colonel Darren Huxley, COL David C. Menser, Lieutenant Colonel Carter L. Price, Lieutenant Colonel Jaren K. Price, LTC Geoffrey W. Wright.
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
July 18, 2017

The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the ...

Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Authored by: Dr Jeffrey Record.
July 13, 2017

The author examines the Axis defeat in World War II and concludes that the two main causes were resource inferiority (after 1941) and strategic incompetence—i.e., pursuit of imperial ambitions beyond the reach of its actual power. Until 1941 Axis military fortunes thrived, but the addition in that year of the Soviet Union and the United States to the list of Axis enem...

From Across the War College

Stabilization: A New Approach to Whole of Government Operational Planning and Execution The United States has a compelling national security interest to promote stability in select fragile and conflict-affected states.  Such an operational environment is complex and r... Edited by: Professor William J Flavin Click here for more like this

The Stability Operations Lessons Learned & Information Management System (SOLLIMS) Sampler Vol. 9 Issue 2 Welcome to the 36th edition of the SOLLIMS Lessons Learned Sampler– Inclusive Peacebuilding: Working with Communities!
This lessons learned compendium contains just a sample ...
Authored by: PKSOI Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Click here for more like this

Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL)

Rethinking Sovereignty in the Context of Cyberspace: The Cyber Sovereignty Workshop Series Recent successful "hacks," allegedly carried out by professionals acting on behalf of, or in concert with nation-states have heightened concerns about cyber warfare and sovereignty... Authored by: Cynthia E. Ayers Click here for more like this

Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC)

Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U.S. Military Disengagement Strategy from Iraq The questions of how to empower the Iraqis most effectively and then progressively withdraw non-Iraqi forces from that country is one of the most important policy problems currentl... Authored by: Dr Conrad C Crane, Dr W Andrew Terrill Click here for more like this

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

U.S. Landpower in the South China Sea U.S. landpower is an essential, but often overlooked, element of national power in semi-enclosed maritime environments like the South China Sea. This monograph gives U.S. policymak... Authored by: LTC Clarence J Bouchat (USAF, Ret) Click here for more like this

Protection of Civilians Military Reference Guide, Second Edition The Protection of Civilians (PoC) Military Reference Guide is primarily intended for military commanders and staffs who must consider PoC during armed conflict, multidimensional pe... Authored by: PKSOI Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Click here for more like this

Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 7, Issue 2 Welcome to the most recent issue of the PKSOI Peace & Stability Journal. In this edition the PKSOI Director Colonel Gregory Dewitt will introduce the articles of the Journal, go ov... Edited by: Mister Robert C Browne Click here for more like this

School of Strategic Landpower

AY17 Theater Strategy and Campaigning Course Directive Theater Strategy and Campaigning focuses on the study of strategic and operational art to employ the military instrument of national power in pursuit of achieving national goals. T... Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, Dr Richard A Lacquement Jr Click here for more like this

Practitioner's Corner

Defense Management: Primer for Senior Leaders

Edited by: Dr Thomas P. Galvin May 16, 2018

Defense management is ultimately about making strategic decisions and rendering best military advice to the civilian leadership. The processes, systems, and massive amounts of data exist to help make the best decisions possible about the current preparedness and future requirements of the joint force. This Primer provides an introduction to the defense enterprise and the roles of senior leaders in it, especially for those who have limited experience in service, joint, or defense-level organizations.

Campaign Planning Handbook AY18

Authored by: USAWC School of Strategic Landpower/DMSPO February 27, 2018

The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Theater Strategy and Campaigning (TSC) course. It also serves to assist commanders, planners, and other staff officers in combatant commands (CCMD), joint task forces (JTF), and service component commands. It supplements joint doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced globally by joint force commanders (JFCs). It portrays a way to apply doctrine and emerging doctrine at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the combatant command level.

2017-18 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: COL Todd E. Key November 15, 2017

For over a decade, the USAWC has published the annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) to inform students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. Part I of the Academic Year (AY) 2018 KSIL, referred to as the Chief of Staff of the Army Special Interest Topics, consists of critical topics demanding special attention. A subset of these topics will be addressed by the USAWC as Integrated Research Projects. Part II: Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis, has been developed by the U.S. Army War College in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA) and Ma...

Campaign Planning Handbook

Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, COL Tarn D Warren November 21, 2016

The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Theater Strategy and Campaigning (TSC) course. It also serves to assist commanders, planners, and other staff officers in combatant commands (CCMD), joint task forces (JTF), and service component commands. It supplements joint doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced globally by joint force commanders (JFCs). It portrays a way to apply doctrine and emerging doctrine at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the combatant command level.

2016-17 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: Prof John F Troxell July 01, 2016

The United States faces security challenges within a global context of rapid technological change, significant demographic shifts, an uncertain economy, and geostrategic power dynamics of historic proportions. These conditions intensify the level of uncertainty and the pace of change, and raise the potential for significant interstate conflict to levels higher than at any time since the end of the Cold War. We must continue to focus the efforts of the Army's educational institutions on addressing these seemingly insurmountable challenges. The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL), developed by the U.S. Army War College, in coor...

How the Army Runs

Authored by: Prof Charles D Allen, Mr Armor Brown II, COL (Ret) Jerry Chastain, Mr Craig Dyer, Prof Edward J Filiberti, Mr Steven Grimes, Dr Jeffrey L Groh, ... August 28, 2015

Since the events of 9/11, the Army has transformed to a modular force, transitioned to regional engagement augmented with a stand-by global response force, and continued as a force trusted to defend America’s citizens and interests at home and abroad. The Army, as the backbone of the Joint Force, requires dynamic change, adaptation to the variables of the Operating Environment, agility to overmatch adversaries, and the staying power to withstand the blows of a convulsive strategic environment. Army Force Management, as a continuum across Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, Facil...

How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

Authored by: Dr Alan G Stolberg October 01, 2012

The need for security and the institutionalization of that security in national strategy and its associated documents is becoming a significant concern for nations in the 21st century international system. This need requires the development of national-level strategies that are designed with objectives; the attainment of which can ensure that the conditions necessary for security for a given actor in the international system can be met. The intent of this monograph is to explore the actual processes that nation-states employ to craft their national security strategy-related documents. The study aligned individual case stud...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. 1: Theory of War and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr June 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol 2: National Security Policy and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr July 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

Strategic Leadership Primer: 3rd Edition

Edited by: Dr Stephen J Gerras June 25, 2010

The original edition of the Strategic Leadership Primer, published in 1998, served the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) well as a basic overview of Strategic Leadership. Written by Dr. Rod Magee with the assistance of several other faculty members, it was intended as an orientation reading for students arriving at the USAWC whose backgrounds were primarily in the tactical and operational field environment. The Primer was useful because there was no other adequate work that described and defined strategic leadership in terms that could be understood and applied by USAWC students.

A 2nd edition was published in 2004 a...