Iraq 2003-4 and Mesopotamia 1914-18: A Comparative Analysis in Ends and Means

  • August 15, 2004
  • Dr James D. Scudieri

This USAWC resident student paper is a comparative analysis of the British campaign in Mesopotamia during the First World War,1914-18 and the current campaign in Iraq, 2003-4, focused on an examination of Phase III decisive operations and Phase IV reconstruction operations, including strategic imperatives, operational planning, and the impact of changes during operations. Both campaigns suffered from a serious mismatch of ends and means at certain stages, especially for post-war reconstruction operations. The study concludes with recommendations for strategic leaders related to planning and force structure.