Keyword Ottoman, League of Nations, Mandates, Balfour, Assad, Alawite, Levant, Syria, Baath, French Colonialism

The Ghosts of Sykes-Picot

cover image for The Ghosts of Sykes-Picot

The European imperialism after WWI embodied in the Sykes-Picot agreement and exacerbated by the French mandate rule reinforced and made worse the geographical, social, religious and societal divisions within Syria and the Levant. In addition to laying the foundations for…