For three years now, the Civil Affairs Association and its partners have provided the Civil Affairs Regiment a way to provide experience-based feedback and advice to institutional and policy level leadership on the future of the Civil Affairs force through an annual fall symposium. These symposia result in Civil Affairs Issue Papers published and presented at the spring roundtable. The workshop built upon Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster’s 2015 Symposium challenge to the CA Regiment to contribute to the discussion of the future force through the Army Warfighting Challenges. This discussion was motivated by the general recognition of CA’s longstanding role as more than a critical “force multiplier” or tactical “enabler” in decisive action.
PKSOI Intern Anthology consisting of articles related to Peacekeeping and Stability Operations topics that include: The Peace, Stability, Irregular Warfare Research Project (PSI), The International Forum for the Challenges of Peace Operations Research Project, Army Training for Peace and Stability Activities, Protection of Civilians, United Nations Case Studies,
In September 2015, President Obama hosted a Leaders' Summit on UN Peacekeeping after a year-long critical review of gaps in peacekeeping missions culminated in the June 2015 Report of the High-Level Independent Panel on United Nations Peace Operations. This review emerged at a fitting moment, as UN Peacekeeping had recently experienced a number of "firsts" - the return of Europe to peacekeeping in Africa after two decades, an increase of intelligence capabilities within a mission, the utilization of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for surveillance, the deployment of a UN 'offensive' combat force, and the opening of UN bases to protect civilians. Additionally, certain UN peacekeeping issues have recently seen notable international censure and praise - from the condemnation of a heinous trend of sexual abuse by peacekeepers to applause for the success of all-female Formed Police Units (FPU). As such, it is now timely to devote a SOLLIMS Sampler to understanding Lessons Learned from the recent Shifts in United Nations Peacekeeping.
The stability operation in Haiti from January 14 to June 1, 2010 demonstrated how over a dozen U.S. Government departments and agencies worked together effectively in an unprecedented large-scale foreign humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (FHA/DR) effort. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010, precipitated the operation. The Haiti action, known within the U.S. military as Operation UNIFIED RESPONSE, was not only a whole-of-government, but also a whole-of-nation and global undertaking. The United States played a significant role in the Haiti earthquake relief effort in collaboration with more than 140 countries and over 1,000 non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Operation UNITED ASSISTANCE (OUA), which deployed to Liberia between September 2014 and June 2015, provides an example of how a Joint Force can support a lead federal agency (LFA), in this case the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other interagency and international partners to end a raging epidemic of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). This EVD outbreak began in late 2013, when Emile Ouamouno, a two year old from Meliandou, a village in Guinea, close to the border with Liberia and Sierra Leone, died of a hemorrhagic fever.1 Soon after, many of his relatives and their connections, who lived across the region, also became ill and died. In March 2014, a team from the Institut Pasteur in France confirmed that the hemorrhagic fever spreading through the region was EVD. By then, more than 2,400 people had died from the disease. By the time the epidemic ended, in Liberia alone, 15,227 cases of EVD had been confirmed through laboratory tests and 11,310 people had died.
The Sampler contains a representative sample of lessons related to a specific P&SO topic – e.g. Women, Peace & Security. A new Sampler is produced on a quarterly basis.
This case study examines the intervention and stability operations in Kosovo from March 24, 1999 through approximately 2 years thereafter. Set during the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia and preceded by ethnic carnage in Bosnia, Croatia, and elsewhere, the intervention, named Operation ALLIED FORCE, was executed in order to protect Kosovars of Albanian descent from the ethnic cleansing of the Serbian leaders of the remaining federation of Yugoslavia
Welcome to the 36th edition of the SOLLIMS Lessons Learned Sampler– Inclusive Peacebuilding: Working with Communities!
This lessons learned compendium contains just a sample – thus the title ‘Sampler’ – of the observations, insights, and lessons related to Peacebuilding available in the SOLLIMS data repository. These lessons are worth sharing with military commanders and their staffs, as well as with civilian practitioners having a peacekeeping or stability operations related mission or function, such as those currently deployed on stability operations, those planning to deploy, the institutional Army, the Joint community, policy-makers, and other international civilian and military leaders at the national and theater level.
The United States has a compelling national security interest to promote stability in select fragile and conflict-affected states. Such an operational environment is complex and requires a whole-of-U.S. Government response, coupled with non-governmental and international partners and supported by the affected nation to achieve their own national goals. Since 1947, the national security system has struggled to handle effectively the range and complexity of the existing global threats and opportunities.
The issue of the role of Civil Affairs in consolidation activities – across all phases and in particular the human domain – was the main focus of the opening workshop. MG Sonntag noted how timely this event was given how Secretary of Defense James Mattis and National Security Advisor Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster (the 2015 Symposium keynote speaker) see the increased need to consolidate military and security gains into political and civil outcomes.