The Republic of the Philippines (RP) has undertaken a bold initiative to reform its national security architecture in order to more effectively address regional terrorist and other transnational threats. The focus of this symposium was to review the threats to regional security and the processes to develop the capabilities necessary to counter those threats. The symposium is the fifth in a series involving the Australia, Republic of the Philippines, and the United States to create a strategic culture in the RP Department of National Defense (DND) and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Asia is a dynamic region in which multiple variables directly affect the security environment in the region; demographics, growing economies using greater natural resources, territiorial disputes, and growth of terrorist groups. In order to respond to these regional security threats, the Philippine Department of National Defense has developed a multiyear security and defense capability planning system.