The Women In International Security (WIIS) and Georgetown University, in cooperation with the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, sponsored a conference, "Stabilization and Post-Conflict Operations: The Role of the Military," on November 17, 2004. Over 80 people participated in the conference conducted at Georgetown University. For areas of geographical emphasis, the conference sponsors selected the Middle East and Africa. The Middle East was an obvious choice, based on current interest in ongoing stability operations. Africa is recognized widely as a location with potential for similar activity, and the United States and Europe have invested effort in preparing African militaries to respond.